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Office of Health Disparities

American Indian & Alaskan Native Health

American Indians and Alaska Natives (AIANs) in Utah

Background

The five tribal cultures which inhabit what is now called Utah include the Utes, Paiutes, Northwestern Shoshones, Goshutes, and Navajos. Today, there are eight sovereign tribal governments within Utah: Confederated Tribes of the Goshute Reservation, Navajo Nation, Northwestern Band of Shoshone Nation, Paiute Indian Tribe of Utah, San Juan Southern Paiute, Skull Valley Band of Goshute, Ute Mountain Ute Tribe, Ute Indian Tribe. Today, tribal communities in Utah continue to be relevant and contribute to the rich culture and history of the state.

Population

There are about 60,000 AIANs living in Utah1. About 46% of Utah's AIAN population lives in urban Salt Lake (14,562), Utah (5,608), Davis (3,269), and Weber (3,150) counties,2 with the remainder on or near the eight reservations within Utah (some of which cross/share borders with neighboring states). Census data show that the largest tribal communities indigenous to Utah are the Navajo Nation, Ute Indian Tribe, and Paiute Indian Tribe of Utah.3 Utah is also home to people who self-indentify or are enrolled in tribal nations that are not indigenous to Utah- such as the Cherokee an Sioux - as well as Alaska Natives such as Athabascans, Inupiat, Tlingit-Haida, and Yup'ik.3

Sociodemographics

The median age of Utah AIANs in 2014 is 24.1 years, with a sex distribution of 49.6% males and 50.4 females.1

Close to one-third of AIANs speak a language other than English at home and ongoing efforts are being made to preserve and promote tribal language usage. After English, Navajo is the fourth-most spoken language in Utah.4

About 9% of Utah AIANs hold a bachelor's degree, the second-lowerst rate of any Utah race group. 5

For more health information on Utah’s indigenous people and tribal governments, please visit the website of the UDOH American Indian/Alaska Native Health Initiative.

Content approved by UIHAB September 2015 

RACE/ETHNICITY

Population

Median
Age (Years)

%
Male

%
Female

Foreign Born

Other
Language

Bachelor’s
Degree

White

2,601,525

29.4

50.2%

49.8%

5.3%

9.2%

20.5%

Hispanic/Latino

370,870

23.6

51.6%

48.4%

40.0%

67.1%

8.2%

Asian

80,037

26.8

47.5%

52.5%

48.2%

57.1%

24.2%

American Indian/ Alaska Native

59,338

24.1

49.6%

50.4%

2.5%

31.4%

8.7%

Black/African American

47,856

19.6

55.2%

44.8%

17.2%

22.8%

14.5%

Native Hawaiian/ Pacific Islander

37,994

20.2

52.2%

47.8%

21.3%

44.0%

11.2%

1U.S. Census Bureau, Annual Estimates of the Resident Population by Sex, Age, Race Alone or in Combination, 2014 Population Estimates, Table PEPA SR5H. 2U.S. Census Bureau, 2009-2013 ACS 5-Year Estimates, Table B02010. 3U.S. Census Bureau, 2011-2013 ACS 3-Year Estimates, Table B02017. 4U.S. Census Bureau, ACS 2009-2013 5- Year Estimates, Table B16001. 5U.S. Census Bureau, ACS 2006-2010 5-Year Estimates, Table B15002.

Utah Government Offices Serving Tribal Populations

Utah Division of Indian Affairs

This department works with all state agencies to promote positive intergovernmental relations between the state and tribes.

Utah Indian Health Advisory Board

(UIHAB) advises the Utah Department of Health on issues related to American Indians who are tribal members.

Minority Communities

Office of Health Disparities Reduction(OHD), Utah Department of Health(UDOH)

Mailing Address: PO Box 141000 Salt Lake City, UT 84114 | Location: 288 N 1460 W Salt Lake City, UT 84116

Email: | Phone: 801-538-6777

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