to Your Questions About Hypothyroidism and Pregnancy
thyroid is a small gland located in your neck that produces
an important hormone for controlling growth, heat production,
and the ability to get pregnant. If the thyroid gland produces
too little thyroid hormone, a medical condition called hypothyroidism
occurs in about 4-17% of women during their childbearing
years. Low thyroid hormone levels are concerning because
if untreated, they can cause problems in pregnancy and your
article answers questions about hypothyroidism during pregnancy.
It should not replace the advice of a physician or certified
health care provider told me that I have hypothyroidism.
Is there anything special I need to do now that I am pregnant?
low thyroid levels increase a baby’s risk of low IQ?
born to mothers with untreated hypothyroidism during pregnancy
are four times more likely to have low IQ or other learning
difficulties. However, when the mother’s thyroid levels
are within normal range, her children have IQ test scores
similar to children born to mothers without thyroid problems.
worry about taking any medicine during pregnancy. Is it
really safe to take my thyroid hormone pill?
is not only safe, but very important to take your thyroid
replacement medication during pregnancy. These medications
(Synthroid, Levoxyl, Levothroid, Armour, or Thyrolar) replace
the normal hormones you need for a healthy pregnancy. Without
enough thyroid hormone, there is a higher risk of miscarriage,
high blood pressure, preterm labor, and problems with the
baby’s brain development.
I take my thyroid medication with my prenatal vitamin, or
vitamins, iron supplements, antacids, and certain foods
interfere with the body’s absorption of thyroid hormone.
When you are pregnant your body must get enough thyroid
hormone. Take your thyroid medication on an empty stomach
at least one hour before or two hours after meals. Do not
take prenatal vitamins or antacids within two hours of your
thyroid medication. Be consistent. If you cannot take your
thyroid pill without food, it is better to take it every
day with food than to miss some days. If you can’t
keep your thyroid pill down because of morning sickness,
be sure to tell your care provider.
have heard about the many benefits of breastfeeding. Can
I nurse my baby while taking thyroid medication?
nursing is the healthiest choice for feeding your baby.
Mothers continue to take thyroid medication and check their
blood thyroid levels while nursing. With the correct dose,
thyroid medication will not harm your baby. With a normal
amount of thyroid hormone, your body will make plenty of
breast milk for your baby.
my baby have hypothyroidism too?
babies are tested for hypothyroidism soon after birth. Hypothyroidism
is very rare in infants and children. If thyroid disease
is passed on genetically, it usually does not appear until
later in life.
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